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In Turkmenistan large-scale work is under way in order to modernize the national educational system and develop science in the higher educational institutions, bring them to the level of the developed states. The “Law on Education” was adopted in the framework of the large scale support given by the state. The intensive construction of new children’s preschool institutions, secondary schools and higher educational institutions is being carried out throughout the country. The latest information and communication technologies have been introduced into the educational system in order to raise the quality and effectiveness of teaching process. Schools and universities have been equipped with modern computers and multimedia means of teaching.

At present time, there are 1741 schools, 848 preschool institutions, 23 higher educational institutions, 127 schools of professional education and 27 technical schools and secondary professional schools. In accordance with the “National program of the President of Turkmenistan on the transformation of social and living conditions of the population in villages, towns, districts and district centers for the period up to 2010” the number of the preschool institutions of the country will amount to 428.The number of the secondary schools will increase up to 328.